Barbara Kruger (b. 1945, United States) is a conceptualist artist, whose work is rooted in consumer culture, gender, identity and society. Kruger studied art and design under Diane Arbus in New York, and began her artistic career working as a graphic designer for Condé Nast publications. Her background in graphic design is present in her visual language, creating posters that combine powerful images and texts using iconic typology – white letters on a red background. In addition to posters, Kruger often shows her works in public spaces, employing a range of media, including video, to create text-covered environments as well as various types of consumer goods. Kruger’s works are exhibited worldwide and she has received many awards, among them the Leone d’Oro for lifetime achievement at the 2005 Venice Biennial.